Nanotechnology; There are tremendous power and potential in a technology that is too small to see with the naked eye. Nanotechnology, which first began as an idea in 1959 and didn’t become a reality until the 1980s after the discovery of the scanning tunneling microscope. Is about manipulating materials that are less than 100 nanometers in size.
To put that in perspective for you, according to the National Nanotechnology Initiative, there are 25.4 million nanometers in 1 inch. If a marble were one nanometer wide, then one meter would be the diameter of Earth.
So what makes these extremely tiny materials so powerful? Scientists are finding ways to build nanotechnology materials at the atomic level that have amazing properties. By filling nanotubes with titanium oxide and apllying them to cotton.
For example, you can create a T-shirt that blocks the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Fill nanorods with gold, and you can develop a therapy that only affects cancer cells, leaving healthy cells alone and drastically reducing side effects. Nanotube carbon membranes can dramatically improve water purification systems..
Researchers at the University of Buffalo have developed a nanomaterial-based process to produce hydrogen, and the process doesn’t require any light, heat, or electricity. This brings humankind one step closer to affordable, hydrogen-powered cars.
Researchers at Standford University have developed a nanoparticle-based battery that is able to store five times more energy than batteries in use today. Its made up of an inner core of sulfur surrounded by an outer layer of porous titanium oxide and its architecture resembles the yolk and shell of an egg.
These are just a few examples of some of the current and potential applications of this revolutionary technology. As nanotechnology and its materials become more widely produced, people will be using cell phones whose windshields won’t fog, and that repel water and wearing socks that never get smelly. And no one likes smelly socks.
Nanotechnology products can potentially save lives as well as give us hundreds of few conveniences from enhanced drug delivery and disease detection to fabric that won’t stain. It has the potential to touch nearly every aspect of our lives.